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Title: Carbonaceous aerosols over Pune and Hyderabad (India) and influence of meteorological factors
Authors: Ali K
Panicker AS
Beig G
Srinivas R
Acharja P 
Keywords: Organic carbon;Elemental carbon;Emission;Meteorological factors
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Springer Nature
Source: Volume no: 73
Issue no: 1
Abstract: Sampling of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter cut off at 2.5 ?m (PM2.5) has been carried out over a semi urban site of Pune and an urban site of Hyderabad. Analysis of elemental Carbon (EC) and Organic Carbon (OC) present in PM2.5 was carried out using advanced Desert Research Institutes (DRI) Thermal/Optical Carbon Analyzer operated on IMPROVE_ A (Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments_ A) protocol. It is found that average concentration of EC and OC both at Pune and Hyderabad was highest during winter season and lowest during monsoon season. Winter high is mainly controlled by inversion, whereas monsoon low is due to rain-out and wash-out process. OC/EC ratio showed higher variation over Pune compared to that over Hyderabad in different seasons, indicating divergent sources of emission of OC and EC at Pune. Formation of Secondary Organic Carbon (SOC) has also been identified as one of the reasons for wide variation in OC/EC ratio value in different seasons over both the sites.
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